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not the way to end things on a friday. >> have a good weekend. cbs evening news with katie couric is next. have a good night. couric: tonight, for the second time this week, a major change in guidelines for cancer screening. this time, it's o.b./g.y.n. saying most women should get pap smears less frequently. i'm katie couric. also tonight, fewer states are reporting major outbreaks of the h1n1 flu. but with the holiday travel season coming up, there's growing concern the virus will spread. what's going on at this company? 26 employees have committed suicide in the past two years. and the queen of daytime television giving up her throne. >> 25 years feels right in my bones, and it feels right in my spirit. captioning sponsored by cbs this is the "cbs evening news" with katie couric.
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>> couric: and geographic, everyone. this week is ending as it began-- with a big change in cancer screening guidelines for women. first we got the controversial recommendations about breast cancer and mammograms, and today it was serve cancer. the nation's obstetricians and gynecologists are now saying women should wait until they're 21 to get their first pap test and then get one every two years after that until they're in their 30s. our dr. jennifer ashton is a practicing o.b.g.y.n. unlike the new mammogram mammography guidelines this is not as big a change. >> it's not, katie. the groups that came out against the new guidelines for mammograms say these recommendations for pap tests actually make sense. >> they sit with good science. we've learned a lot about cervical cancer screening. our science has gotten better. >> reporter: the old guidelines said most women should get pap smears three years after
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becoming sexually active and every one to three years thereafter. new recommendations from the american college of obstetricians and gynecologists say women can wait until age 21. women 21-29 should get screened every two years, and those 30 and over every three years. most women can stop having pap tests between 65 and 70. one reason-- >> what women need to understand is that cervical cancer is a sdoz that develops over years. a course of seven to 10, sometimes even longer. >> reporter: the guidelines say it's safe to reduce screening because the human papilloma virus, or h.p.v., which usually causes cervical cancer, typically clears on its own. >> looking at the development of cervical cancer from when a young woman first gets an h.p.v. infection, generally, cancer doesn't develop most of the time. >> reporter: however, h.p.v. can cause abnormal pap smears, often leading to biopsies and surgery which can be harmful.
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>> if we treat these precancerous changes in these young women, they're more likely to have a premature baby when they go on to get pregnant later. >> reporter: and these new recommendations apply to women whether or not they've been vaccinate against h.p.v., katie. >> couric: all right, dr. jennifer ashton we're going to talk more in just a moment, but first, the changes this week may seem sudden and drastic, but the truth smedical guidelines get revised all the time and our dr. jon lapook tells us when it comes to caring for patients, change can actually be healthy. >> reporter: when guidelines change, phones ring. and patients demand answers. >> should i come in? i'm confused. i know in my heart i really should come. but this newspaper is telling me something different. >> reporter: the catalyst-- medicine based on current research running headlong into conventional wisdom. >> i was appalled. shocked. absolutely shocked. >> reporter: while some are shocked over changes in two cancer screening guidelines this week, it should be no surprise.
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a recent review found that, on average, medical advice changes every five and a half years because of new evidence. but especially with cancer, many are reluctant to trust guidelines over their own common sense. >> we've been taught to think that the earlier and more often we get screened the safer we will be. and now somebody's saying that may not be true. and that's just incredibly scary. >> reporter: what is true is that medicine is constantly changing. in 2002, doctors found hormone replacement therapy for women increases the risk of heart attack and breast cancer. last year, men learned that vitamin e. and selenium did nothing to prevent prostate cancer. and now there are even questions about the benefit of aspirin in preventing heart attacks and strokes. >> what people don't really understand is these are population-based guidelines. not everyone has to follow them. doctors will be making individual decisions about individual patients. >> reporter: again, it's important to remember the new
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task force guidelines on mammography are not mandates. the decision to screen is still up to the doctor and painter, katie. >> couric: jon, since we have two doctors in the house tonight i thought we'd condition the conversation. you know, when people look at these new guidelines for mammograms, specifically, they think it must be about controlling costs. is it? >> katie--. >> couric: partially. >> well the vice care of the task force that came up with the new guidelines on mammography told us cost was absolutely not part of their conversation. but costs should be part of the national conversation about where we should be spending our money about these screening tests. not do you spend the dollar but where do you spend it most wisely? >> couric: and, jennifer, i know you have some concerns about the fallout from these specific recommendations. actually, both of them that came out this week. >> right, because it's important to remember, katie, for most women, one of the main reasons they would see their gynecologist every year was to have a pap smear and/or get a prescription for a mammogram. and i think now there's a concern that they'll come much
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less often or even worse, not at all. >> schieffer: so the bottom line is talk to your doctor. >> reporter: and don't let this be an excuse not to see your doctor in the first place. >> couric: good point. jon lapook, jennifer ashton, doctors both of you, thank you so much. now turning to the huh flu, the c.d.c. said today the virus was widespread in 43 states last week. that is down from 46 but it is still dangerous. the c.d.c. also estimates nearly 600 children are died of h1n1 so far and as many as 21 reported this week alone. jeff glor tells us there's concern now with holiday travel, the virus could spread. >> nothing is typical about this year's influenza. >> reporter: which is yet c.d.c. is at a loss to predict whether today's surprising news of a drop in activity will last. >> i wish i knew if we had hit the peak. >> reporter: there are now 54.1 million doses of the h1n1 vaccine available. 11 million were made this week. but that is still less than half the number needed, even to
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vaccine high-priority groups and there is also a new warning today about next week. with the thanksgiving holiday approaching, 38 million people are expected to travel 50 miles or more in the confined spaces of planes, trains and automobiles. >> i think about the arrivals gate at heathrow airport. >> reporter: so heartwarming scenes of family reunions, like the ones captured in movies... >> i have a sneaking feeling you'll find love actually is all around. >> reporter: ...means that germs also are actually all around. >> some say all the kids get together with their grandparents and there's a lot of exchange of warmth and love but a little exchange of viruses, too. >> reporter: the c.d.c.'s just-issued four-part plan to stay safe-- don't travel if you're circ don't forget to wash your hands, don't cough or sneeze anywhere except into your sleeve and do get vaccinated.
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researchers have been watching to see if the h1n1 virus mutates and they have found a strain resistant to tamiflu. it is one of the dangerouses used to reduce the severity of the h1n1. >> a little worrisome. all right, jeff glor, thanks very much. now to someone who has been a fixture on television for nearly a quarter century, the one-woman media empire known simply as oprah. at 55 she has reached what she would call an ah-ha moment, deciding it's time to give up her talk show. cynthia bowers in chicago tells us her fans got the official news today. >> reporter: it was the shot heard 'round the media world. >> after much prayer and months of careful thought, i've decided that next season, season 25, will be the last season of the "oprah winfrey show." >> reporter: while it sent shockwaves through oprah's military million fan club... >> it was very heartfelt. it was sad and yet happy at the same time. >> reporter: sent shivers
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through the entire television industry where oprah is a gold standard. a self-made nearly $3 billion media empire. such success hard to imagine in 1986 when the little-known chicago anchor began a syndicated talk show but over the years the "oprah winfrey show" became the place for regular fong to share their stories and the rich and famous to tell their secrets and to tout new love. >> i'm in love. >> i've never seen you like this >> reporter: her vision of nontawdry talk pulls in an estimated 42 million viewers in a week in 145 countries, 215 tv stations from coast to coast have come to rely on oprah's number-one-rated daytime talk show to deliver an audience. in fact, many use oprah as a powerful ratings boost for their evening newscast. >> if oprah leaves in two years these station managers are very, very worried in how in the world do you replace oprah winfrey, and the truth, is you probably can't.
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>> reporter: also worried, the cbs corporation which gets a large percentage of the licensing fees. oprah's departure will represent a seismic shift in the literary world as well. her book club has the power to turn obscure writers into bestselling authors, and though she helped give name to rachel ray, dr. phil, and most recent dr. oz, none has oprah's magic. does this spawn, like, a massive search for the next oprah? >> i think television is always searching for the next oprah, just as surely as it's looking for the next johnny carson. >> reporter: what will be left in her network tv wake is still to be seen. cynthia bowers, cbs news, chicago. >> couric: and coming up next right here on the cbs evening news, the war between the states. two neighbors battling for nancy decided she can't afford so many bathroom detours
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when sixty percent off is at stake, so today, she's talking to her doctor about overactive bladder. teri decided she's tired of always stopping to "go," so today, she's talking to her doctor, too. if you have overactive bladder symptoms, today is the day to talk to your doctor and ask about prescription toviaz. one toviaz pill a day significantly reduces sudden urges and accidents over 24 hours, all day and all night. plus, toviaz comes with a simple plan with tips on food and drink choices and training your bladder. if you have certain stomach problems or glaucoma, or cannot empty your bladder, you should not take toviaz. toviaz can cause blurred vision and drowsiness so use caution when driving or doing unsafe tasks. the most common side effects are dry mouth and constipation. today, laura decided it was time. to get your first prescription free, visit
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to get your first prescription free, this holiday, do you really want to cut corners by using a broth with msg? only one canned chicken broth has no msg. so for a perfect meal, the secret is swanson, you know why i sell tools? tools are uncomplicated?
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nothing complicated about a pair of 10 inch hose clamp pliers. you know what's complicated? shipping. shipping's complicated. not really. with priority mail flat rate boxes from the postal service shipping is easy. if it fits, it ships anywhere in the country for a low flat rate. that's not complicated. come on. how about...a handshake. alright. priority mail flat rate boxes only from the postal service. a simpler way to ship. >> couric: you know, usually california and nevada are pretty good neighbors, but in this economy, they're at war over jobs. ben tracy tells us about a cross-border battle that started with a put-down and escalated from there. >> reporter: las vegas is a city built on a gamble, but now it wants to be seen as a sure bet, so it's taking its show on the road. ♪ ♪
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sending dancers to hollywood and launching a series of snarky new ads on california airwaves. >> california business owners, let's compare apples to apples. >> reporter: it's all part of nevada's effort to poach companies across the border. >> and i don't even mind if you call me a poacher. that's okay. >> reporter: summer hollingsworth is waging nevada's war, his state busted by the recession is now spending $1 million on ads to lure california companies. >> we've got to get out of dodge. we call it running for the border. you have to run for the border and come to las vegas because it's a totally different ballgame. >> reporter: in fact one study found nevada has the fourth lowest business taxes in the country. california's are almost the highest. because when it comes to business more of what happens in vegas stays in your pocket. nevada has no corporate income tarks no personal income tax, and no business inventory tax. that got paul allen's attention. his metal manufacturing business has been in california for 20 years. now he's moving it and up to 30
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jobs to sin city. >> i've yet to find one aspect of our operation that we wouldn't save money over there. >> reporter: the nevada folks say they've had nearly 100 calls from california companies since the ads started running. >> why would anyone want to move to las vegas? >> reporter: now california is firing back with its own attack ad calling vegas a cow town. >> what happens in vegas stays in vegas. but what happens in california, makes the world go round. >> they played rough so we're playing rough back. >> reporter: california assembly man thought california crossed the line with this ad. >> taking a break from the state senate here in sacramento. >> for me, definitely that helped blow my top a little bit. times may be tough in california but they're even tougher in nevada. >> reporter: so he says nevada can't top california's educated workforce and huge consumer base. and the odds are in california's favor. as most companies don't move once they settle in the state. the average net annual job loss to other states is less than 1%.
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>> maybe that's why we're the golden state and they're the silver state. >> reporter: still, this border battle has given both states a reason to mind their own businesses. ben tracy, cbs news, las vegas. >> couric: and coming up next, what could drive dozens of people who work for one french company to take their own lives? (male announcer) if you've had a heart attack caused by a completely blocked artery, another heart attack could be lurking, waiting to strike. a heart attack caused by a clot, one that could be fatal. plavix, taken with other heart medicines goes beyond what other heart medicines do alone to provide greater protection against heart attack or stroke and even death by helping to keep blood platelets from sticking together and forming clots. ask your doctor about plavix, protection that helps save lives. (female announcer) if you have stomach ulcer or other condition that causes bleeding, you should not use plavix. taking plavix alone or with some other medicines including aspirin, tell your doctor before planning surgery
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or taking aspirin or other medicines with plavix, especially if you've had a stroke. some medicines that are used to treat heartburn may affect how plavix works, so tell your doctor if you are taking other medicines. if fever, unexplained weakness or confusion develops, tell your doctor promptly. a rare but potentially life-threatening condition reported sometimes less than two weeks after starting plavix. other rare but serious side effects may occur. (male announcer) if you take plavix with other heart medicines continuing to do so will help increase protection against a future heart attack or stroke. feeling better doesn't mean not at risk. stay with plavix. consider this: these duracell batteries were given... to the mattel children's hospital, u.c.l.a. because when it comes to kids and healing... you're not just powering a toy. you're powering a smile. duracell. trusted everywhere. my two granddaughters are my life. they always ask me, grandma, take me here, grandma, take me there. but with my occasional irregularity
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i wasn't always up to it. until i discovered activia and everything started to change. announcer: activia is clinically proven to help regulate your digestive system in two weeks when eaten every day. now i enjoy every minute. my grandkids are happy, and so am i. ♪ activia crafted in skyscrapers alone... but on the ground by those who could see what needed to be done. volunteers who in service stepped forward... onto the dust of the moon, a levee in the heartland, the marble steps of a dream. you may ask yourself: "where is my moon, my levee, my dream?" well, it's here... with you. step forward. help renew america at
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hallucinating about hanging himself. he was a manager for france telecom and had just been told he failed to achieve corporate goals, a common enough experience in the working world but nouclerq claims in the case of this giant company, undermining employees is a deliberate management strategy, one that has led to suicide. >> i knew that what i will do won't be successful. >> reporter: so you were basically being set up to fail? >> yeah, yup, sure. sure. >> reporter: three years ago, france telecom began a massive reorganization, cutting
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one-fifth of the workforce. since then, employees have been going to a lot of funerals with 26 suicides in the last 18 months, a suicide rate slightly higher than that of france overall, and far higher than in the united states. most often, work isn't the reason for suicides, but in these cases, many of those who have committed suicide or who have attempted suicide at france telecom have directly blamed the company and management for creating working conditions that made their lives intolerable. the suicides and dozens of attempts are happening all over the french network. suicide notes tell similar stories, blaming constant pressure to resign, impossible goals, frequent forced relocations and chaotic reorganization. this woman jumped to her death from her fifth floor office window after she was told her job was changing yet again and that she was being assigned to another new boss. "i'd rather die," she wrote. a man stabbed himself in the stomach at work after his
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manager told him he no longer had the skills the company needed. >> ( translated ): you're in your own bubble. too bad. it's a bubble without oxygen. you understand? you just can't live anymore. >> reporter: the company's c.e.o., booed by employees after yet another suicide, and pressured by the french government to stop the deaths, has had to announce a suspension of job transfers and corporate reorganizations, at least until the end of the year, but suicide attempts at the company continue and no one thinks those measures will put an end to this epidemic any time soon. sheila mackovic acbs news, paris. >> couric: in other news, massive flooding today in england's lake district after 12 inches of rain in just 24 hours. a thousands homes were flooded, hundreds had to be rescued. a police officer drowned when a bridge collapsed and he was swept away by the surging waters. coming up next, we was charged
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>> couric: and finally tonight, everyone can appreciate getting a second chance, and what you make of it determines what kind of person you really are. harold dow has a prime example in tonight's edition of "the american spirit." >> reporter: high school senior jesse ray beard, known as jody, is a wide receiver on his school's football team hoping to go pro. what do you want to do when you get older? >> try to make it to the nfl. if that doesn't work, get a degree, be a lawyer. >> reporter: big dreams now for number 11, but back in his holmes town of jena, louisiana, jody had been living a nightmare. he was one of the team's known as the jena 6, charged with attempted murder after a brawl injured a white student at jena high. protesters called the case a symbol of a biased justice system. the fight in december 2006
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followed months of racial tension in the small town after nooses were hung from a tree on the school lawn. >> they really weren't trying to give us a chance and described us as bad, as thugs. >> reporter: however, only two eyewitnesses out of nearly 50 identified jody, then 14, as a participant in the fight. >> the deck was stacked against him in jena. >> reporter: attorney alan howard represented jody for free. >> and i felt a lot of resilience there and a lot of passion and charm and i liked him right away. >> reporter: allen wanted to give him an opportunity, so he turned to the people he trusted most. his family. what did alan tell you about jody? >> he told me he was a great kid who really needed a second chance. >> i remember saying that he should come live with us, and i was totally for it, but i never thought it would actually happen. >> reporter: while he was representing you, he made a promise to you. >> yes, sir. >> reporter: what did he say to you? >> if i stay out of trouble,
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that he would get me out of jena. >> reporter: alan made good on that promise when he and other defense lawyers got the original judge in the case removed because of bias. what do you think would have happened to jody if he would have stayed in jena? >> i think they would have found some way to lock him up for something. >> reporter: with jody's mom's blessing, alan became the teenager's guardian at 5'11", he's now a big part of the howard family. >> he's been giving advice to me on life-- girls. >> reporter: two different pictures have emerged here about jody. which one is the real jody? >> we know him. he lives in our house. this is the real kid. i mean, i don't know who that kid was that they were depicting in jena. >> reporter: jody says he hasn't changed at all. do those who thought you were a thug, what do you say to them? >> i'm not...
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>> reporter: well enough, he says, to take advantage of this opportunity and run with it. hourld dow, cbs news, new york. >> couric: the other five who were charged along with jody have also left jena, louisiana, and are continuing their educations as well. bryant purvis is attending college in texas where he plays basketball. robert bailey jr. is at grambling state on scholarship. theo shaw was elected vice president of the student government at his community college in lose. in january, carwin jones will begin classes at a junior college in texas. and michael billion survived a judz attempt and attends southern university in battog rouge. that is the cbs evening news for tonight. i'm katie couric in new york. thank you for watching this week. i'll see ow monday. until then, have a great weekend and for the latest news online go to good night.
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captioning sponsored by cbs captioned by from the first local station with news in high definition this is 9 news now. good evening. tonight in the only local news at 7:00, caught the act. tonight a former university trustee is snagged in a federal fraud investigation. watch your back. women in takoma park on guard after an attacker sexually assaults a female jogger. and driveway death. a northern virginia teacher is dead tonight, killed by her own car. >> reporter: police say a woman was killed by her own car it. >> rolled over her and she was killed. >> she's not replacement. >> reporter: police say she was leaving her home around 5:30 this morning and put her honda pilot in reverse but then

CBS Evening News With Katie Couric
CBS November 20, 2009 6:30pm-7:00pm EST

CBS News News/Business. Katie Couric. The latest world and national news. New. (HD) (CC) (Stereo)

TOPIC FREQUENCY California 14, Couric 12, Plavix 8, Katie Couric 4, Katie 4, Chicago 3, Cbs 3, France 3, Ben Tracy 2, Jon Lapook 2, Cbs News 2, Duracell 2, Lipitor 2, Cynthia Bowers 2, Jennifer Ashton 2, Louisiana 2, Grandma 2, Texas 2, New York 2, Camry Le 1
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